27 نوفمبر 2014

The Gates Foundation 

pushes to make more academic research free and open to the public



  1. Starting in January 2017, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation will require all of the research it funds to be published in a manner that is free for the public to read, according to a recent statement.
  2. The Gates Foundation rules are in conflict with current policies at many top journals such as Science, which generally charge for access for at least the first few months.
  3. Still, the organization has a lot of clout and may be able to push for more open access.
  4. How the Gates Foundation is pushing for open access

    The Gates Foundation spends about $900 million each year funding scientific research — which results in about 1,400 research papers on various aspects of global health.
    Under the new policy, the researchers that the organization funds will only be able to publish papers that are immediately freely accessible to the public. That means that these scientists wouldn't necessarily be able to publish in top journals like Science that charge for access to its articles — unless these journals change their policies or open up those particular papers. And, since the Gates Foundation funds so much research, there will be pressure on these journals to do so (or else they'll lose out on potentially important papers).
    More specifically, these rules will go into full effect by 2017. The articles will have to be free for anyone to use or build upon in any way, including for commercial purposes.
    This open policy is more extensive than most major biomedical funders — including the US National Institutes of Health, which only requires results to be free a year after publication.
    The Gates Foundation's policy is part of a growing movement called "open access," which promotes making research findings and data freely available to the public.

    This is part of a trend toward open access

    Researchers generally want their papers to be read by as many people as possible. But the journals that publish those papers are, in many cases, for-profit institutions — and they prefer charging for access.
    Lately, however, the Open Access movement has been fighting to make more and more research free to the public. And they're succeeding. Here's a snapshot of what was freely available to the public in 2010, sorted by discipline:
    Open Access 2010

    The big black line shows the percentage of papers in all subjects published between 1998 and 2006 that was freely available. But there's also great variation between different types of research. Topping the open list are mathematics, social sciences, and Earth sciences — each has 30 percent or more of its 2006 papers free. But compare that to clinical medicine, which is less than 5 percent.
    Some of this variation is because of different research cultures. For example, many physicists have been posting pre-publication manuscripts on a public website called arXivsince 1991, so it's not a surprise that physics (designated by blue crosses on the chart) also tends to have more of its peer-reviewed papers freely available.
    By contrast, clinical medicine and biomedical papers were some of the least likely to be freely available — at least when this chart was made. One possible reason why? Many medical institutions are willing to pay big bucks for access.
    It's worth noting that even that is changing, however. In 2008, the National Institutes of Health began requiring papers generated by the research it funded (which is taxpayer money) to be freely available to the public a year after publication or earlier. That's opened up a large chunk of biomedical research.
    The chart comes from a 2012 UNESCO report on the practice of open access, which the organization strongly encourages as a way to spread knowledge and information worldwide:
    Through Open Access, researchers and students from around the world gain increased access to knowledge, publications receive greater visibility and readership, and the potential impact of research is heightened. Increased access to, and sharing of knowledge leads to opportunities for equitable economic and social development, intercultural dialogue, and has the potential to spark innovation.

    Further reading: Hat tip to Cristobal Cobo for calling my attention to this chart. Go to his website for a discussion of various business models that could keep open publishing sustainable.
    Update: This story was updated to provide more clarity about the specific requirements of the Gates Foundation's new policy.

24 نوفمبر 2014

Opening Access to Research SHERPA

SHERPA: Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access 

SHERPA is a developing open access institutional repositories in universities to facilitate the rapid and efficient worldwide dissemination of research

There are very useful SHERPA services

  • RoMEO - Publisher's copyright & archiving policies
  • JULIET - Research funders archiving mandates and guidelines
  • OpenDOAR worldwide Directory of Open Access Repositories
  • SHERPA Search - simple full-text search of UK repositories

SHERPA Resources includes








19 نوفمبر 2014

Directory of Open Access Books DOAB

The Directory of Open Access Books

The Directory of Open Access Books is a service of OAPEN Foundation. The OAPEN Foundation is an international initiative dedicated to Open Access monograph publishing, based at the National Library in The Hague. OAPEN  is a member of OASPA the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association

2423 Academic peer-reviewed books from 79 publishers are available with DOAB.
You can browse and search DOAB by following link

http://www.doabooks.org/


The primary aim of DOAB is to increase discoverability of Open Access books. Academic publishers are invited to provide metadata of their Open Access books to DOAB. Metadata will be harvestable in order to maximize dissemination, visibility and impact. Aggregators can integrate the records in their commercial services and libraries can integrate the directory into their online catalogues, helping scholars and students to discover the books. The directory is open to all publishers who publish academic, peer reviewed books in Open Access and should contain as many books as possible, provided that these publications are in Open Access and meet academic standards.

By clicking  here You can create your own DOAB search box on your own website, such as this one:

Search
 

18 نوفمبر 2014

E-Print Archive USA


Cornell University Library 
arxive.org E-print Archive USA


arXiv.org is a highly-automated electronic archive and distribution server for research articles. Covered areas include Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics. arXiv is maintained and operated by the Cornell University Library with guidance from the arXiv Scientific Advisory Board and the arXiv Sustainability Advisory Group, and with the help of numerous subject moderators.

Open access to 988,730 e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics. You may browse and search through subject by following link

http://arxiv.org/


17 نوفمبر 2014

Open Access Oxford oao



Open Access at Oxford

The Council of Oxford University approved the Statement on Open Access at the University of Oxford.

The Oxford Research Archive was established in 2007 as a permanent and secure online archive of research materials produced by members of the University of Oxford. We are enhancing the coverage and features in ORA to provide a single point of public access to electronic copies of peer-reviewed journal articles, conference proceedings by Oxford authors and Oxford research theses. This also provides a means for institutional compliance with funders’ Open Access requirements.

The University favours, now and for the foreseeable future, open access by means of the Green Route. This enables authors to publish in any journal and to self-archive a version of the article for free public use.  Thus the Green approach provides most of the benefits for a much smaller additional cost than Gold Open Access (which involves paying Article Processing Charges) (APCs).

Here are different Resources at Open Access Oxford offering green and gold open access




16 نوفمبر 2014

Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard DASH



Harvard Open Access Repository DASH

DASH is an open access repository of research by members of the Harvard community. Articles theses and dissertations can be accessed on various fields. The collection can be browsed and search. The link is given below

 http://dash.harvard.edu/community-list

Harvard’s Open-Access Repository Is Going Where No Repository Has Gone Before

Harvard’s open-access repository, DASH (Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard), is now participating in Outernet, a new start-up broadcasting free content by satellite to every part of the globe. Outernet reaches users who don’t have conventional Internet access and users subject to censorship from conventional Internet service providers.
DASH is run by the Harvard Library’s Office for Scholarly Communication (OSC), and already provides free online access to peer-reviewed scholarly articles by Harvard faculty. But until now, it only reached users connected to the conventional Internet.

15 نوفمبر 2014

Open Access to Research Data as a Driver for Open Science | RECODE Final Conference



The conference  aims to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on open science and open access to research data in particular by providing a forum for discussion that brings together an excellent line-up of international experts and key stakeholders. The Conference is designed around the following key themes:
  • Policies for open access to research data
  • Good practices in enabling re-use of research data
  • Open research data and research cultures
  • PSI as research data and vice versa
  • Grand challenges in opening access to research data
The conference will showcase the results from RECODE and officially launch the RECODE Policy Recommendations. The key impact of RECODE will be to reduce fragmentation in the open access ecosystem by providing practical and evidence based advice to the organisations involved in facilitating open access to research data. This will be achieved through the production of overarching recommendations as well as specifically targeted at the following stakeholder groups:
  • Data managers
  • Funders
  • Publishers
  • Research institutions
The RECODE final conference provides an opportunity for learning as well as taking part in a rich dialogue regarding open access to research data within the current European research landscape. The Agenda and location information can be found on the RECODE website.
The conference is organized by the National Documentation Centre and will take place at the National Hellenic Research Foundation in the heart of Athens.  Attendance is free but registration is required. The conference will be broadcast through live streaming.

13 نوفمبر 2014

Open Access Publishing in European Network: OAPEN


OAPEN: Open Access Publishing in European Network


OAPEN is a very wonderful resource for open access books. It contains freely accessible books on society and social science, humanities, Economics, Finance, Business, Management, Law, Art, Language & Literature, Earth Science, Geography, Environment  and Plannings.



The OAPEN Foundation is a non-profit foundation dedicated to Open Access publishing of academic books. OAPEN provides a platform for the full text dissemination of Open Access books and provides services to publishers and libraries. OAPEN builds a quality controlled collection of Open Access books and develops services for publishers, libraries and research funders in the areas of dissemination, quality assurance and digital preservation.

To search the OAPEN online library follow the link

http://www.oapen.org/search


12 نوفمبر 2014

International Conference on Web & Open Access to Learning - ICWOAL 2014


International Conference on Web & Open Access to Learning - ICWOAL 2014 Nov 25th to 27th 2014 Dubai United Arab Emirates.
The International Conference on Web & Open Access to Learning (ICWOAL’2014) focuses on an important concept in the right to education that is access.UNESCO in 2002 adopted the term Open Educational Resources (OER) to refer to the “open provision of educational resources enabled by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)”. Though, much progress has been made in the field of OER and online learning, such as open access journals, learning objects, and open source software, many challenges are still facing the international research community and decision makers to address the global education gap. ICWOAL’2014 provides forum for discussion between researchers, practitioners, industry, students, and education policy makers interested in new developments in Web learning technologies, eLearning solutions, smart learning systems, social media & learning, and policies and regulations for open access to learning and education.
The International Conference on Web & Open Access to Learning (ICWOAL’2014) is organized by the Canadian University of Dubai in partnership with many prestigious International Institutions. ICWOAL’2014 will be held from 25th to 27th of November, 2014 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Dubai is a city where the sophistication of the 21st century walks hand in hand with the simplicity of a bygone era; a cosmopolitan society with an international lifestyle combining the comfort and convenience of the Western world with the unique charm and hospitality of Arabia.

Website: http://www.icwoal.org 

10 نوفمبر 2014

Replication, data access, and transparency in social science

·         bY R. MICHAEL ALVAREZ

Improving the transparency of the research published in Political Analysis has been an important priority for Jonathan Katz and I as co-editors of the journal. We spent a great deal of time over the past two years developing and implementing policies and procedures to insure that all studies published in Political Analysis have replication data available through thejournal’s Dataverse. At this point in time, we have over 220 studies available in the journal’s Dataverse archive, and those studies have had more than 14,400 downloads. We see this as a major accomplishment for Political Analysis.
We are also optimistic that soon many political science journals will join us in implementing similar replication standards. An increasing number of journals developing and implementing replication standards will improve the quality of research in political science, aid in the distribution of materials that can be used in our classrooms, and make the publication process more straightforward for authors.
In late September, Jonathan and I had the opportunity to participate in a two-day “Workshop on Data Access and Research Transparency” at the University of Michigan. The workshop is part of an initiative sponsored by the American Political Science Association (APSA) to develop a discipline-wide discussion of how to improve research transparency in political science. The primary goal was to bring the editors of the primary journals in political science into this conversation. While there is no doubt that there was widespread agreement among the journal editors present that making research more transparent and making data more accessible are important goals, there are still open questions about how such goals can be implemented.
One of the major products of this workshop was a statement of principles for political science journals. While the statement has not yet been released, it contains a short set of principles, the most important of which are that the signing journals will require authors to make replication materials accessible, and that the signing journals will take steps to make the research published in their journal more transparent. Political Analysis is one of the signatories of this statement: we will continue to work to improve the accessibility of data and other research materials for the papers we publish in Political Analysis, as well as assist other journals as they work to develop their own replication and research transparency standards.
As part of this initiative, we have revised our author and reviewer instructions. Our new instructions include:
1.    Updated and clarified standards for how authors should present empirical results in their submissions, in particular tables and figures.
2.    More detailed instructions on our replication requirement.
3.    Encouragement and guidance for authors who wish to pre-register their research studies.
We hope that other journals will follow our lead, and that they will quickly develop strong standards for replication and research transparency. The APSA initiative is laudable, and it is helping to position political science as a leader in these areas, certainly in the social sciences but also throughout the sciences and humanities. We welcome the APSA DART initiative, and will continue to work to position Political Analysis as a leader in developing and implementing data access and research transparency standards.
Headline image credit: Circuit board. CC0 via Pixabay.